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Sempre foi reconhecido que a melhor forma de melhorar a segurança no mar é através do desenvolvimento de normas internacionais que são seguidas por todas as nações marítimas e a partir de meados do século 19 em diante, foram adotadas uma série de tratados sobre o assunto. Vários países propuseram que um organismo internacional permanente deveria ser estabelecido para promover a segurança marítima de forma mais eficaz

Em 1948, uma conferência internacional em Genebra, aprovou uma convenção estabelecendo formalmente IMO (o nome original da Organização Marítima Consultiva Intergovernamental, ou IMCO, mas o nome foi mudado em 1982 para IMO). A Convenção IMO entrou em vigor em 1958 e a Organização nova reuniu-se pela primeira vez no ano seguinte. Os objetivos da Organização, conforme resumido pelo artigo 1º da Convenção, são "para fornecer mecanismos de cooperação entre os Governos no campo da regulamentação governamental e práticas relacionadas com assuntos técnicos de todos os tipos que interessem à navegação comercial internacional, para incentivar e facilitar a adoção geral dos mais elevados padrões possíveis em matéria de segurança marítima, à eficiência da navegação e prevenção e controle da poluição marinha causada por navios ". A Organização também está habilitada a tratar de assuntos administrativos e jurídicos relacionados com esses fins.

PRINCIPAIS PUBLICAÇÕES
Publication date 2013

The 28th session of the IMO Assembly took place at the Headquarters of the Organization from 25 to 4 December 2013. This publication contains, amongst others, resolutions pertaining to:
- IMO Instruments Implementation Code (III Code)
- Revised guidelines on the implementation of the International Safety (ISM) Code by Administrations
- IMO ship indentification number scheme
- 2013 guidelines for the designation of special areas under MARPOL
- Implementation of the Facilitation Convention.


Publication date 2014

The International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code relates to the safe carriage of dangerous goods by sea, but does not include all details of procedures for packing of dangerous goods or actions to take in the event of an emergency or accident involving personnel who handle goods at sea. These aspects are covered by the publications that are associated with the IMDG Code, which are included in this Supplement.
Within a continuing process of revision of publications that are relevant to the IMDG Code, the EmS Guide: Emergency Response Procedures for Ships Carrying Dangerous Goods was further amended at the eighty-seventh session of MSC in May 2010, and the details are described in MSC.1/Circ.1360. Also at the at the ninetieth session of MSC in May 2012 and ninety-third session of MSC in May 2014, and the details are described in MSC.1/Circ.1438 and MSC.1/Circ.1476 respectively.
The Supplement also includes texts of the Medical First Aid Guide, descriptions of the reporting procedures for incidents involving dangerous goods, harmful substances and/or marine pollutants, the International Code for the Safe Carriage of Packaged Irradiated Nuclear Fuel, Plutonium and High-Level Radioactive Wastes on board Ships and other appropriate Assembly resolutions, resolutions and circulars of the Maritime Safety Committee and circulars of the Facilitation Committee and of the Sub-Committee on Dangerous Goods, Solid Cargoes and Containers.


Publication date 2014

This edition of the Revised IMO Compendium on Facilitation and Electronic Business was adopted at the thirty-eighth session of the FAL Committee and supersedes the 2001 edition. This edition contains the UN/EDIFACT codes for the FAL Forms established in the FAL Convention as well as for reporting security-related information prior to the entry of a ship into port.


Publication date 2013

Part 1 contains:
- the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, 2010 (2010 HNS Convention)
- overview of the 2010 HNS Convention
- guidelines on reporting of HNS contributing cargo.
Part 2 contains:
- the Protocol of 2010 to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, 1996
- the Final Act of the International Conference of 2010 on the Revision of the HNS Convention.
Part 3 contains:
- the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea (HNS Convention), 1996
- the Final Act of the International Conference on Hazardous and Noxious Substances and Limitation of Liability, 1996.


Publication date 2015

The manual aims to provide the reader, in particular on-scene commanders, response personnel, government entities and others involved in the management and/or response to pollution incidents involving Hazardous and Noxious Substance (HNS), with a description of the various interests involved in an HNS incident and its aftermath.


Publication date 2015

This publication contains all relevant resolutions adopted by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) in the process of the institutionalization of the IMO Member State Audit Scheme (IMSAS), as well as other documents developed to support its effective implementation. It includes:
- Framework and Procedures for IMSAS
- IMO Instruments Implementation Code (III Code)
- 2013 non-exhaustive list of obligations under instruments relevant to the III Code
- Amendments to conventions making the use of the III Code mandatory in audits of Member States
- Other resolutions
- Auditor#s Manual for IMSAS.


Publication date 2014

The Code on noise levels on board ships has been developed to provide international standards for protection against noise under the provisions of regulation II-1/3-12 of the SOLAS Convention. The Code, adopted by resolution MSC.337(91), recognizes the need to establish mandatory noise level limits for machinery spaces, control rooms, workshops, accommodation and other spaces on board ships, and enters into force on 1 July 2014.
The Code applies to new ships of a gross tonnage of 1,600 and above. The specific provisions relating to potentially hazardous noise levels, mitigation and personal protective gear contained in the Code may be applied to existing ships of a gross tonnage of 1,600 and above, as far as reasonable and practical, to the satisfaction of the Administration. The Code may be applied to new ships of a gross tonnage of less than 1,600 as far as reasonable and practical, to the satisfaction of the Administration.
The Code includes:
- a format for noise survey reports;
- guidance on the inclusion of noise issues in safety management systems;
- suggested methods of attenuating noise;
- a simplified procedure for determining noise exposure.



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